Choosing the Right Saddle
Copyright © 2002-2003 Larry Trocha
I Want To Do Reining or Cutting. What Saddle Do You Recommend?
There are a lot of different brands of saddles available. Darn few of them are designed well for riding and training a performance horse. You definitely need a saddle that’s designed to help you "ride in balance and sit the stop."
A saddle that was designed and built specifically for reining or cutting would come closest to what you want. Both of these designs have their advantages but remember, just because the manufacturer "calls" it a reining saddle doesn’t mean it was designed "well" for reining.
The reason for this is that most saddle makers are craftsmen, not horsemen. Very few of them know how to ride a reining or cutting horse. It’s kind of like trying to design a winning race car without ever having been in a race.
Anyway, let’s get down to the nitty-gritty and talk about the different elements of a saddle and what to look for.
Seat: Remember, you want a saddle that will allow you to sit the stop. First of all the seat of the saddle should lay close to the horse’s back. The closer you can get to the horse the better. Anything more than a couple inches above the back is too high.
Also, the lowest part of the seat should be the "middle" of the seat. This low part is called the "pocket". If the pocket is too far back you’ll be forced against the cantle. Too far forward and you’ll slide up on the swells.
Beware of too small a seat. You need enough room to slide forward and back a little. The average size woman usually needs a 16” to 16 ½” seat. The average man, 16” to 17”. Also, I personally like a seat that is built up in front. This gives a more secure ride. However, the pocket should still be in the middle of the seat.
Horn and swells: In reining your rein hand needs to be able to move unobstructed. Too high a horn or swells will get in the way. I’d want the horn no higher than 3”. And the swells no higher than 7”. I also like the horn to be small in diameter. In a cutting saddle, I like the swells to be a little higher, around 8". And the horn to be tilted a little forward. Actually, here on the west coast, a lot of folks will show their reiners in a cutting saddle.
Stirrup Leathers: This is one of the most critical parts of the saddle, yet the most overlooked. You want the stirrup leathers hung as far forward as possible. Ideally right behind the swells.
The reason is simple. To be able to stay balanced on a horse that stops and turns hard, you’ve got to sit down in the saddle. I mean way down. If the stirrup leathers are hung too far back, your feet will be behind your center of gravity and cause you to fall forward.
The result will be a loss of your balance which causes the horse to come out of the stop. Also the stirrup leathers and fenders should be made of fairly thin, flexible leather. For precise leg cues, you don’t want a lot of bulk between your leg and the horse.
Cantle: Don’t buy one of those buckaroo saddles with an 6” high cantle. It’ll hit you in the back. Quite a few of the "trail" saddles also have a steep, high cantle. Stay away from them.
Rigging: How your saddle is rigged is extremely important. And no compromise on rigging should ever be made when choosing a saddle. The saddle you want should have a Full-Double rigging.
Some horses might be ok with a 7/8 rigging but never, ever buy a saddle that is ¾ or center-fire rigged. Saddles that are rigged with less than the "full double" rigging will slide too far forward on the horse's back.
Look at the way a horse is built. The narrowest part of his underline is
right behind the front legs (girth). This is where the cinch automatically
wants to go.
If a saddle with a 3/4 rigging is placed in the correct position on a
horse's back, the position of the cinch will be back towards the horse's belly. It will just naturally migrate forward to the horse's girth, taking the saddle forward with it.
I also prefer the rigging Dee to be either in-skirt or dropped 3 or 4 inches below the swells (called a dropped rigging). This allows for the tree to pull down more evenly on the horse's back. Both will be less bulky and give you closer contact with your horse, too.
Tree: Make sure the tree fits your horse’s back. If it’s too narrow or too wide your horse won’t be comfortable. Double check to be sure there is enough clearance between the horse’s withers and the gullet (a minimum of 1”).
A big problem with a lot of saddle trees, is that the bars don't have enough curve to fit the horse's back. If your horse is a little sway-backed and the saddle tree is real straight, your horse is going to get a sore back.
When in doubt about a saddle, have a knowledgeable trainer take a look at how it fits your horse. His opinion might save you and your horse some grief.
To learn more about choosing the right saddle, listen to this audio clip: Choosing the Right Saddle Audio